ANNE BATTEN CRISTALL
Anne Batten Cristall (1769-1848), English poet and schoolteacher, was born on 7 December 1769 in Penzance, Cornwall. Cristall was the second of four children and the eldest daughter of Alexander Cristall and Elizabeth Batten. Her father was from Monifieth, Scotland, and worked as a mariner, later making sails, masts, and blocks at Fowey and Penzance, where he met Elizabeth Batten, his second wife. The Cristall’s moved to London and later to Blackheath during Anne’s youth. Her father had a “dread of the arts,” which did not bode well with his daughter’s preclivity toward poetry. Her brother, Joshua, enjoyed a relatively modest amount of fame and was a founding member of the Society of Painters in Water Colours (1804), sometimes known as the Old Water Colour Society, of which he became president in 1816. Both Joshua and Anne were educated in London academies. Anne eventually became a schoolteacher and earned money in her own right, though she remained somewhat financially attached to her brother, with whom she remained on close terms her entire life. Cristall knew Mary Wollstonecraft and her sister Everina by the late 1780s, and in the mid-1790s met many other London literary figures, such as May Hays and Robert Southey. In March 1790 Wollstonecraft wrote to Joshua Cristall, “I know that you earnestly wish to be the friend and protector of your amiable sister and hope no inconsiderate act or thoughtless mode of conduct will add to her cares – for her comfort very much depends on you” (Todd 188). Wollstonecraft seems to have had concerns about Christall at that time, writing again to Joshua on 9 December 1790 (a few days following her twenty-first birthday), “I fear her situation is very uncomfortable. I wish she could obtain a little more strength of mind. I am afraid she gives way to her feelings more than she ought to” (Todd 184). Cristall's Poetical Sketches appeared in 1795, published by Joseph Johnson. Subscribers included Mary and Everina Wollstonecraft, Anna Barbauld, Amelia Alderson, Samuel Rogers, Mary Hays, and George Dyer. Dyer in particular praised Cristall for her talent with poetry and suggested that she and Hays collaborate on a novel. Little is known of Cristall’s later life. She seems to have dropped out of intellectual circles in London after 1800. It is thought that she relocated to Kent where she lived with her younger sister, Elizabeth, and worked as an assistant at the Lewisham Hill Grammar School. She died on 9 February 1848 at the age of seventy-eight. She was buried at St. Mary’s Church, Islington, with a memorial inscription. For more on Christall, see Paula R. Feldman, ”Anne Batten Cristall (1769-1848),” in British Women Poets of the Romantic Era: An Anthology (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins UP, 1997, 213-15; Richard Greene, “Cristall, Ann Batten (bap. 1769, D. 1848),” in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford: Oxford UP, 2004); Roger Lonsdale, “Anne Batten Cristall,” Eighteenth Century Women Poets: An Oxford Anthology (Oxford: Oxford UP, 1990), 484; Richard C. Sha, “Cristall, Ann Batten,” in The Encyclopedia of Romantic Literature, ed. Frederick Burwick (Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012), 310-312; and Janet Todd, Collected Letters of Mary Wollstonecraft, ed. Janet M. Todd (Chichester: Columbia UP, 2003), 150ff.
Cristall, Ann Batten. Poetical Sketches. London: Joseph Johnson, 1795.
Cristall's only published work was a collection of poems she wrote throughout her life. In total, this works includes twenty-four poems with some of the poems divided into parts or songs. The poems were often melancholic pieces and mostly concerned with nature. It is thought that shortly after their public release, Cristall regretted publishing the poems. On the introduction page, the kind of modesty used is described as being one that far exceeds what was customary for the time. Upon release, Cristall received much criticism from her poems and was often faulted for her technical imperfections and many literary circles felt she lacked the genius necessary to be a proper poet. However, there were others who saw the genius of Cristall and praised her for her animated and beautiful descriptions as well and her vigor and fancifulness. Though many though she had promise as a poet, Cristall eventually dropped out of literary circles.
Feldman, Paula R. "Anne Batten Cristall (1769-1848)." British Women Poets of the Romantic Era: An Anthology. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins UP, 1997. 213-15.
Greene, Richard. "Cristall, Ann Batten (bap. 1769, D. 1848)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Lonsdale, Roger. "Anne Batten Cristall." Eighteenth Century Women Poets: An Oxford Anthology. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1990. 484.
Sha, Richard C. "Cristall, Ann Batten." The Encyclopedia of Romantic Literature. Ed. Frederick Burwick. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. 310-312.
Wollstonecraft, Mary. Introduction. Collected Letters of Mary Wollstonecraft. Ed. Janet M. Todd. Chichester: Columbia UP, 2003.
Wu, Duncan. Romantic Women Poets: An Anthology. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 1998.
This page assisted by Dontonio D. Thomas, Georgia Southern University